We did not find any cases from Colorado that went the other way. So we threw the net a little wider, and we found Shelby Cnty. State Bank v. Van Diest Supply Co. In this case, it was a pawn in “all stocks, including, but not limited to, agrochemicals, fertilizers and fertilizers that were sold to Debtor…”[added light.]  In this case, the 7th round found that it would be “bizarre, as a commercial matter, to claim a total pledge and to describe in detail only a small part of that set.” Thus, the court interpreted the word “including” as restrictive, and the judges scoffed that the contract used the phrase “but not limited to.”  This sentence is therefore not a guarantee anyway; You probably shouldn`t have much comfort. As you can see from Ken Adams and Bryan Garner`s interpretation of “included, but not limited to” and the word “including,” we have no consensus. From this point of view, the Tribunal considered the list to be restrictive, although the term “including” and the term “but not limited to” were used. The sentence, which includes, but is not limited to, can be written or used in different ways, such as: So I suggest that Garner`s challenge has been met. It follows that, but not limited to is not as immune to the attack as he wants us to think. The Tribunal considers that the term “including, but not limited to” should be read, followed by a shortlist of inventory items, so that all terms have an effective meaning. Ordinary words get their usual meaning, so that “included” would not mean exclusively.
In other words, the following list is not exhaustive. The use of the phrase “but not limited to” emphasizes this, but is not necessary because of its usual meaning. The term, including, but not limited, is generally used in legal documents, regulations, statutes, contracts or any other official text. In response to: Included, but not limited to publication by a published on 09 April 2003 In this context, the term including, but not limited, is used to indicate that all information provided by Part A is confidential information provided by third parties, but also contains information from Company A, Company B and Company C.