Is the 1997 ceasefire agreement signed with the Indian government by the NSCN (IM), the largest of the Naga groups, enough to overtake Nagaland? The agreement, described as “historic” by Prime Minister Modi, was signed after more than 80 rounds of talks between the government and various interest groups, but the exact details of the deal were not disclosed. In a statement after the signing of the agreement, the government said it had recognized “the unique history, culture and position of the Nagas and their feelings and aspirations. The NSCN understood and appreciated India`s political system and governance. 4. It is noted that there will be no parade of weapons in populated areas where security forces will not be present under this agreement during the period of cessation of operations, in order to foster an atmosphere conducive to peaceful occupation and free discussion. In 1997, the NSCN (I-M) signed a ceasefire agreement with the government.  The agreement ensured that, although the government did not put pressure on counterinsurgency operations against the NSCN (I-M) team and its leaders, the rebels would not target the armed forces. When the “historic framework agreement was signed under the dynamic leadership of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi,” there was “a lot of hype and anticipation in the political circle,” adding that Modi also met with leaders of other parties who said that “he solved the longest political issue in Southeast Asia.” When the NSCN (IM) questioned the arrests with the Indian security forces on the basis of the ceasefire agreement – it signed a ceasefire agreement with the Centre in 1997 – the Manipur government immediately rejected Naga`s assertion. The ceasefire did not extend to Manipur. It was decided to extend the suspension of the enterprise agreement with NSCN/NK and NSCN/R for a further one year, with effect on 28 April this year until 27 April 2020, the Interior Ministry said. Wherever they are (the NSCN), we respect a ceasefire, including abroad…
Yes, that`s for sure. It covers Delhi and even Paris… After all, it is not that they kill each other and discuss peace in another area in a given region. What we need is an atmosphere conducive to discussion… In 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi`s government signed a “framework agreement” with the NSCN (IM). As part of the agreement, the group abandoned its request for a split, which lasted nearly six decades, and agreed to a settlement under the Indian Constitution. According to almost every report, the two parties are closer to a solution than ever before. On 28 October, a team from the NSCN (I-M), led by its Secretary General Thuingaleng Muivah and Ravi, met again to discuss ways to find an “honourable” solution by resigning the sticky issue of a separate flag and constitution for the Nagas. “The dialogue of more than four hours was not successful and the two sides agreed to meet soon. However, a final agreement between the NSCN (I-M) and the government is unlikely to take place by October 31, 2019,” an official development confidant.
The text of the 1997 ceasefire agreement is ambiguous. It does not explicitly set geographical restrictions and, according to reports in recent years, it is aware. A 2001 Frontline article said the centre extended the ceasefire agreement with two Nagaland insurgent groups by one year from April 28. In August 2020, the National Socialist Council of Nagaland published copies of the Confidential Framework Agreement (FA).  The Naga groups insisted on changing interlocutors R. N. Ravi. and the publication of copies of the agreement was the result of a series of events from that request.
  In October 2020, the current head of NSCN-IM Thuingaleng Muivah expressed strong reservations about further approval in a 55-minute interview with Karan Thapar.  “Despite repeated and deliberate provocations, we abstained in the greater interest of the ongoing Indo-naga peace process.