– promote information cooperation on the basis of short- or long-term agreements or agreements. In particular, in 1971, the Warsaw Pact countries proposed a conference with NATO to discuss European security. The conference began in 1973 in Helsinki with 33 countries. In the months that followed, a series of meetings with an agreement were held in 1975. This agreement included three “baskets” that participated in such projects and, if agreed to participate in their implementation, according to Cold War scholar John Lewis Gaddis in his book The Cold War: A New History (2005), “Leonid Brezhnev was delighted,” recalls Anatoly Dobrynin, of the “public he was about to win… When The Soviet public learned of the definitive colonization of the post-war borders, for which it had sacrificed so much”… “[Instead, the Helsinki Accords] have gradually become a manifesto of the dissident and liberal movement” … This meant that people who lived under these systems – at least the bravest – could claim official permission to say what they thought.  – the conclusion, where appropriate, bilateral or multilateral agreements to broaden relations between relevant public institutions and non-governmental organisations in the field of culture, as well as between those engaged in cultural activities, taking into account both the need for flexibility and the widest possible application of existing agreements, and knowing that agreements and other agreements are an important means of developing cultural cooperation and exchanges; – conclude bilateral or multilateral agreements, where appropriate, providing for cooperation and exchanges between state institutions, non-state bodies and people working in the field of education and science, taking into account the need for flexibility and wider use of existing agreements and arrangements; – Promote people working in the field of culture, travel and meetings, including, if necessary, those who are executed on the basis of agreements, contracts or other special arrangements and which are important for their cultural cooperation; – intensify short- or long-term exchanges and contacts between young people who work, train or are in training under bilateral or multilateral agreements or regular programmes, where possible; recommends that states interested in projects of common interest consider the conditions under which they can be defined and, if they wish, create the necessary conditions for their effective implementation. However, the civil rights portion of the agreement served as the basis for the work of Helsinki Watch, a Western secret service non-governmental organization created to support dissidents in Eastern Europe, supported by Western business media and Western governments under the umbrella of monitoring compliance with the Helsinki Accords (which developed into several regional committees and eventually formed the Helsinki International Federation and Human Rights Watch). While these provisions applied to all signatories, the emphasis was placed on their application to the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact, including Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), Hungary, Poland and Romania. Soviet propaganda presented the final act as a great triumph for Soviet diplomacy and for Brezhnev himself. 65 Helsinki Agreement, also known as the Helsinki Final Act (August 1, 1975), an important diplomatic agreement signed in Helsinki (1975) at the end of the first conference on security and cooperation in Europe (CSCE, now the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe).